Everyone in Cuba gets a Supplies Booklet that is essentially a ration book. Qualified supplies are subsidized at a below-market rate and quantities are limited to prevent black market resale.

The OFICODA distributes the rations booklet to all citizens each year. The booklet indicates the number and age groups of individuals in the family, as well as any dietary supplements. Products are distributed only at the bodega assigned in their neighborhood.

Raul Castro was opposed to the rationing system because it produces "a disincentive to work".